Yarrow (Achillia millefolium)

millefolium means thousand leaved (Wood, 1997) (Buhner, 1998)

Family: Asteraceae


  • Woundwort
  • Known to Romans as Herba militari (Wood, 1997) (Kynes, 2016)
  • Solider’s wort (Wood, 1997)
  • Carpenter’s weed (Wood, 1997)
  • Milfoil, nosebleed (Tierra, 1998) (Kynes, 2016)
  • Yarroway (Naegele, 1980)
  • Noble Yarrow (Mercatante, 1976)
  • Thousand Leaf (Mercatante, 1976) (Kynes, 2016)
  • Lady’s Mantle (Mercatante, 1976)
  • Bloodwort (Kynes, 2016)
  • Devil’s Nettle, comes from the belief that this plant was dedicated to Satan (Kynes, 2016)


  • Flower-heads with 5 petal like rays, in flat top clusters. Leaves long and narrow, woolly, aromatic. 1-3 ft high
  • Flowers June-Sept (Peterson, 1977) (Naegele, 1980) (Smith, 1979)
  • Found on roadsides, fields (Peterson, 1977) (Naegele, 1980)
  • Leaves: alternate, pinnately compound, finely dissected, feather-like, 10-20 cm, green, aromatic (Naegele, 1980)
  • Flower type: white, ray flowers, in flat top corycomb which is 5-15 cm across summer-fall (Naegele, 1980)
  • Root is a taproot (Naegele, 1980)
  • Creeping underground root-stock (Smith, 1979)
  • Flowering stems usually simple below flowers, glabrous or cobwebby (covered with entangled hairs (Smith, 1979)


  • Bitter, pungent
  • Cold, dry
  • diaphoretic
  • emmenagogue

use when

  • Hot, dry, and constricted skin
  • Restlessness, wakefulness, delirium
  • Pulse full rapid and nonresistant


  • Found in Neanderthal’s graves (Gregg, 2014) 60,000 years ago in Iraq (Buhner, 1998)
  • Widely used and known herb
  • Used extensively in brewing in Europe and Scandinavia, known as jordhumle or earth hop (Buhner, 1998)


  • a cold and flu tea recipe (old gypsy formula) (Gladstar, 2008)
    • yarrow, peppermint, and elder
  • mensteal cramp relief formula (Gladstar, 2008) (Naegele, 1980)
    • 1 part each crampbark, pennyroyal leaf, yarrow. Peppermint to taste (Gladstar, 2008)
  • Cold and flu
    • Equal parts elder-flower, lemon balm yarrow and mint as tea (Tierra, 1998)

Parts used

  • Young leaves in the spring for the juices (Wood, 1997)
  • Stalks and mature leaves NOT used in medicines (Wood, 1997)
  • Flower tops


  •  Diving sticks made from stalks for the I Ching (Wood, 1997) (Kynes, 2016) (Riotte, 1975)
    • Keep with your amethyst to heighten their inner energies
  • Used in spells and charms and strewn across doorways to keep witches from entering households
  • Carry yarrow for protection from accidents (Wood, 1997)
  • Correspondences
    • with the winter solstice, December 20-23 (Gregg, 2014),
    • Zodiac, Cancer, Gemini
    • Aphrodite, Hermes, the Horned God and the hero Achilles
    • associated with Air and Water
    • associated with Venus and sometimes Jupiter
    • Ace of Wands
  • Add yarrow tea to bath to deepen your spiritual connection and expand you psychic awareness (Gregg, 2014)
  • Can heal spirit wounded by anger (Harding, 2008)
  • Engenders fidelity and longevity to marriage, leading to happiness and well-being  (Kynes, 2016)


  • Added to compost pile (Riotte, 1975)
  • Good in paths and borders, doesn’t mind getting walked on (Riotte, 1975)
  • Enhances the growth of essential oils in herbs (Riotte, 1975)

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